Off-Grid Van Conversion

A self-built campervan inspired by the farm

→ Air Heater

Mfg. / Part #: AirTop Webasto STC 2000 (European Version) Tags: heating


Air heating is provided by the Webasto AirTop STC 2000, which is a gasoline combusting heater. It is plumbed into the gasoline tank through the OEM auxiliary fuel port (see photos below).

High altitude adjustment was not added since it is enough to just run the heater on high every now and then to burn off any soot buildup.

Running the heater at “full blast” for at least 30 minutes at the end of each use prevents carbon buildup



Dropping the fuel tank to access the auxiliary fuel port


Showing the auxiliary fuel port that provides fuel to the pump:


Things to note:

  • The heater can be finicky - since gasoline combusts at lower temperature than diesel these gasoline powered heaters have known to develop soot
  • The fuel filter (Webasto part 1319466A) should be replaced annually as these are prone to breaking or clogging
  • if the heater hasn’t been in use for a while it needs to restart 3 or 4 times to get enough fuel from the pump and to ignite the heating element.
  • to get out of the auto-reboot error loop, unplug the heater for 30 seconds at let the internal capacitors discharge to clear the error codes before turning it back on

Aside: To High Altitude Adjust or Not?

I chose not to adjust, because doing the adjustment is like a shot in the dark without the proper CO2 sensing equipment, and it likely needs to be run hot every now and then to burn off soot anyway. For longer term stays at high altitude it should be taken to a professional shop to do the calibration.

Why do we need to adjust?

💡 Less O2 = rich mix = incomplete combustion (similar to high-altitude) = carbon buildup. Burning leaner (meaning the combustion expects less oxygen) means more excess oxygen is leftover after the stoichiactric process, where as a richer burn would use up all available oxygen and leftover carbon would be the excess (leading to carbon buildup issues).

When we increase in altitude we have less O2 in the air, but the CO2 stays relatively constant, so the proportion of CO2 to O2 increases. This is shown in the CO2 volume % vs altitude graph in the Webasto manual.

  • factory default is 10.3 vol % CO2 for 0m altitude. Normal to set at 5000ft or 1500m = 12.7% CO2

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